Rimba Tunggul (Streaked Wren-babbler)

The streaked wren-babbler (Napothera brevicaudata) is a species of bird in the Pellorneidae family. It is found in Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

Rimba Kerdil ( Pygmy Wren-babbler )

The Pygmy Wren-babbler (Pnoepyga pusilla) is a species of bird in the Timaliidae family. It is found in BangladeshBhutanCambodiaChinaIndiaIndonesiaLaosMalaysiaMyanmarNepal,Thailand, and Vietnam. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests

The size is approximately 70mm.Other common names: Brown Wren-babbler, Lesser Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler

Kesumba Tengkuk Merah ( Red-naped Trogon)

The red-naped trogon (Harpactes kasumba) is a species of bird in the family Trogonidae. It is found in BruneiIndonesiaMalaysia, and Thailand. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

The Harpactes kasumba is a strongly sexually dimorphic species, with the females generally being duller than the males. The male Harpactes kasumba is physically defined by a black head and upper breast, blue bill and eye ring with a bright blue coloured face. He has yellow-brown upperparts and upper tail with black outlines, a white breast-line, bright red underparts and the under-tail is black and white. The most defining physical characteristic of the Harpactes kasumba is its bright red underparts which give the species its name – the Red-naped Trogon. The females are blander in colour than the males, consisting of a grey-brown head and upper breast with yellow underparts.
Both the males and females grow in height up to 32 centimetres, or 12.5 inches. They have a life span of approximately 7.3 years. Their legs and feet are short and weak which makes them unable to walk, instead they are limited to the occasional shuffle along a branch. The ratio of leg muscle to body weight in all Trogonidae species is only 3%, the lowest known ratio of any bird. The arrangement of the toes on Trogonidae species feet is also unique among birds and are arranged with the third and fourth toes projecting forward and the first and second toes projecting backwards, an arrangement known as heterodactylous. Because of this arrangement, the Harpactes kasumba is unable to turn around on a branch without the help of its wings to aid the movement.

They have compact bodies, short wings and a long tail. Though the wings are short, they are quite strong, with the wing muscle ratio being approximately 22% of the body weight. In spite of their strength of flight, the Harpactes kasumba do not fly great distances, generally flying no more than a few hundred metres at a time.

They have compact bodies, short wings and a long tail. Though the wings are short, they are quite strong, with the wing muscle ratio being approximately 22% of the body weight. In spite of their strength of flight, the Harpactes kasumba do not fly great distances, generally flying no more than a few hundred metres at a time.

The Harpactes kasumba is mainly insectivorous, feasting on arthropods with a preference for stick insects and spiders. This regime is embellished with small lizards, fruits and seeds.The word “Trogon” is Greek for “to gnaw or eat” and refers to the structure and function of the Harpactes kasumba’s beak. The cutting edges of the maxilla and mandible are serrated which aids in securing live prey and fruit. These serrations, along with the decurved tip of the bill, are also useful in cutting food items into smaller pieces. Prey is mostly obtained on the wing, with the most commonly used foraging technique known as sally-glean flight. This is where the Harpactes kasumba flies from an observation perch to a target on another perch or in the foliage. Once in position, the Harpactes kasumba hovers over its target before snatching up they prey and returning to its original perch to consume the prey.

The Harpactes kasumba song voice is a slow, sad-sounding five to eight note “pau pau pau pau pau.” Each short note slightly down slurred (1.5-1.2 kHz) and delivered at a rate of c.1 note/s. In addition to the territorial and breeding calls given by males and females during the breeding seasons, the Harpactes kasumba have also been recorded as having aggression and alarm calls.

he Harpactes kasumba is a territorial and monogamous species. The males repel other members of the same species, and even other nesting species, from around their nesting sites to ensure the safety of the nest. The males attract females by singing. Flocks of 3-12 individuals have been observed prior to, and sometimes during the breeding season, calling and chasing each other, however, the function of these flocks is unknown. Little is known about the nesting habits of the Harpactes kasumba, only that they are assumed to be cavity nesters. The only recorded account of a Harpactes kasumba nest was that of a brood found in July 1976 in Peninsular Malaysia. The nest was dug in a cavity of a rotten stump a few meters off the ground. They produce a clutch size of between one and three eggs. The incubation period lasts between 16–19 days. Upon hatching, the chicks are altrical, blind and naked, however, they do acquire feathers rapidly. The nesting period generally takes between 16–23 days to fledge.

The Harpactes kasumba is presumed to be a permanent resident or sedentary. Sedentary is “commonly used in the special sense of ‘non-migratory,’” and resident is defined as “remaining throughout the year in the area under reference”. At least 4,000 species of bird are regular migrants, which is approximately 40 percentage of the world’s population of birds, however the Red-napped Trogon is not one of these. It does not migrate, but instead remains in the same location all year round. The Harpactes kasumba are confined to the Sundaic regions lowlands, also known as Sundaland, with a distribution size of 989,000 km². The Sundaic lowlands is a biogeographical region of South-eastern Asia which encompasses the Sunda shelf, Malay Peninsula of the Asian mainland, and the large islands of Borneo, Java and Sumatra, including their surrounding islands. The eastern boundary of the Sundaic region is the Wallace Line which separates the Indomalaya and Australasia ecotones.

The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as rare in Thailand, fairly common in Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra, rather scarce in Sarawak and uncommon in Singapore, Indonesia, Sarawak, Sabah and Brunei. The current population trend shows a decline in the number of Harpactes kasumba at a moderately rapid rate, owing to habitat loss and degradation throughout its distribution range.

Kesumba Puteri (Scarlet-rumped Trogon)

Sang Serok Gunung ( Malaysian Hill Partridge )

Also known as
Malayan Partridge, Malaysian Partridge, Campbell's Hill-Partridge, Grey-breasted Partridge

The Malaysian partridge, or Campbell's partridge, (Arborophila campbelli) is a species of bird in the Phasianidae family. This monotypic species is found in highland forests in Peninsular Malaysia. It is sometimes treated as a subspecies of the grey-breasted partridge.

Sang Serok Perang (Ferruginous Partridge)

The ferruginous partridge (Caloperdix oculeus) is a species of bird in the Phasianidae family. It belongs to the monotypical genus Caloperdix. It is found in Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Thailand. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

This species inhabits evergreen and semi-evergreen rainforests, including swampy areas, dry hill forest and secondary forest with sufficient bamboo. It has been recorded to 1,200 m.
Forest destruction in the Sundaic lowlands of Indonesia and Malaysia has been extensive (Kalimantan lost nearly 25% of its evergreen forest during 1985-1997, and Sumatra lost almost 30% of its 1985 cover), because of a variety of factors, including the escalation of logging and land conversion, with deliberate targeting of all remaining stands of valuable timber including those inside protected areas, plus forest fires (particularly in 1997-1998). 

Declines driven by habitat loss and degradation are compounded by trapping for the cage-bird industry. However, the species's use of secondary growth and higher elevations implies that it is not immediately threatened.